Tudor England

The Tudors ruled England from 1485 to 1603. The first Tudor king was Henry VII. He became king after the battle of Bosworth field, which ended the War of the Roses. He was followed by his son, Henry Vlll, who was famous for marrying six times and beheading two of his wives! His son, Edward Vl ruled after him, followed by his daughters Mary l and Elizabeth l.

Tudor England was a period of great change. There was religious turmoil as the reformation swept through Europe and the way of life for ordinary people in England changed a lot as a result of many things that happened during the Tudor era. During 118 years of Tudor rule, England became richer than ever before. As the country became wealthier, towns grew, beautiful houses were built and schools and colleges were set up. Arts and crafts flourished too. England was home to great painters, writers and musicians.

Tudors are famous for many things, including the Henry VIII and his six wives, the exploration of America and the plays of William Shakespeare. During the sixteenth century, England emerged from the medieval world. It was a time of great change, most notably it marked the end of the Catholic church in England. Great naval exploits began the great English seafaring tradition.

Henry VII

Henry VII

Henry VII ruled 1485 – 1509. He was the last king of England to win his throne on the field of battle. He was successful in restoring the power and stability of the English monarchy after the political upheavals of the Wars of the Roses.

 

Henry VIII

Henry VIII

Henry VIII ruled 1509 – 1547. He is known for his role in the separation of the Church of England from the Catholic Church. Henry’s struggles with Rome led to the separation of the Church of England from papal authority, the Dissolution of the Monasteries, and establishing himself as the Supreme Head of the Church of England. He did this and suppressed the monasteries, while however remaining a believer in core Catholic theological teachings, even after his excommunication from the Catholic Church. Henry also oversaw the legal union of England and Wales with the Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542. Henry VIII is traditionally cited as one of the founders of the Royal Navy. His reign featured some naval warfare and, more significantly, large royal investment in shipbuilding, dockyards and naval innovations. He is also famous for building his numerous palaces.

Edward VI

Edward VI

Edward VI ruled 1547 – 1553. His reign made a lasting contribution to the English Reformation and the structure of the Church of England. The last decade of Henry VIII’s reign had seen a partial stalling of the Reformation, a drifting back to more conservative values. By contrast, Edward’s reign saw radical progress in the Reformation.

 

 

 

 

 

Mary I

Mary I

Mary I ruled 1553 – 1558. She is remembered for restoring England to Roman Catholicism. In the process, she had almost 300 religious dissenters burned at the stake in the Marian Persecutions, earning her the name of “Bloody Mary”.

 

Elizabeth I

Elizabeth I

 

 

 

Elizabeth I ruled 1558 – 1603. Her reign is known as the Elizabethan era, famous above all for the flourishing of English drama, led by playwrights such as William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe, and for the seafaring prowess of English adventurers such as Sir Francis Drake. Elizabeth established an English church that helped shape a national identity and remains in place today. Her reign is famous for the defeat of the Spanish Armada, and for successful raids against the Spanish, but some historians also point to military failures on land and at sea.

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