The Great Fire of London

The Great Fire of London that destroyed most of the city in the 1666…

Fire started 2 September, 1666 in Pudding Lane. Because of the windy weather fire spread very fast. There were no firefighting brigades then (the first one was established after this fire). More than 13,000 houses, 87 churches and the main buildings in the City had all been destroyed. Amazingly, only five deaths were documented, but up to 200,000 people were left destitute.

In the 17th century most of the houses in London were constructed from wood. As the fire started in the bakeshop of Thomas Farynor, it quickly leapt to Star Inn at Fish Street Hill and set it ablaze.

The Monument to the Great Fire of London

The Monument to the Great Fire of London

That night there was a strong wind that quickly sent sparks to other houses around. It wasnt long when fire reached riverside warehouses that were full of food for fire: hemp, oil, tallow, hay, timber, coal and spirits.

At that time to stop fire people used to destroy houses that stand in the way of spreading fire. By doing this gaps were created, so that fire couldnt reach other houses.

Lord Major Bludworth hesitated to destroy many houses as he was concerned about the cost of rebuilding them. By the time Royal Command came down the fire spread was too large to take any control over it. Finally The Duke of York (later King James II) ordered Paper House to be destroyed, which created fire break large enough to stop the fire.

A monument to the Great Fire was erected near Pudding Lane in 1668. Standing 61 meter tall the Monument is located at the same distance from the point where the fire started.